Anthropometric, physiological and performance profiles of elite and sub-elite canoe slalom athletes
Jan Busta, James J. Tufano, Jiří Suchý, Milan Bílý
The purposes of this study were to determine the anthropometric, physiological and performance characteristics of elite and sub-elite canoe slalom athletes and to determine the relationship between these characteristics and performance in selection races for the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro 2016. Eighteen male single-canoe (C1) slalom athletes (20.9±5.1yr) performed a battery of tests including anthropometric parameters and somatotypes, upper-body anaerobic power (Wingate test), maximal muscular strength (bench-press, bench-pull, handgrip dynamometry), aerobic power (treadmill running test), and specific on-water tests (40m and 200m sprints with spins). Additionally, Spearman’s correlation were conducted and multiple regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between the results of on-water tests and the final race rankings. Canoe slalom athletes were 180.6±4.1cm tall and 74.4±4.6kg with an ectomorphic mesomorph somatotype (1.6-4.9-2.8). They are further characterized by a treadmill VO2max of 62.7±3.0ml∙kg∙min-1 and high values of anaerobic upper-body peak power (9.4±1.1W∙kg-1) and mean power (7.4±0.7W∙kg1). Their bench-press 1 repetition maximum (1RM) was 95±15kg, bench-pull 1RM was 93±9.5kg, and handgrip strength was 49.3±7.5kg. Race performance was significantly correlated (p<0.01) with bench-press 1RM (rs=0.60), normalized upper-body peak and mean anaerobic power (rs=0.57), and on-water tests (rs=0.62 to 0.85). By multiple regression analysis, it was possible to predict race ranking based on water performance tests (R2=0.78; SEE=2.75). The results of this study can assist coaches, and trainers in racionalization of training programmes for canoe slalom athletes.